Влияние алкоголя на здоровье человека

Влияние алкоголя на здоровье человека

Все знают о вреде алкоголя. Но не всем известно, что он вреден даже в малых дозах. Поэтому, каждому человеку будет полезно знать, как именно действует алкоголь, попадая в организм человека.

Во всем мире одной из главных проблем является алкоголизм. Среди злоупотребляющих спиртными напитками, уже достаточно много женщин, а так же молодежи. Ни один праздник не проходит без алкоголя. И это вызывает некоторые опасения. Алкоголь может вызвать отравление, так же, под воздействием спиртного происходит очень много несчастных случаев и аварий, в которых погибает очень много молодых людей.

Алкоголь начинает свое воздействие буквально через пару минут после попадания в кровь. Он мгновенно всасывается и разносится по всему организму.

Есть несколько органов и систем, которые больше всего страдают от действия спиртных напитков:

• Сердечно — сосудистая система. При попадании в кровь, алкоголь вызывает скачок адреналина. Сердце начинает усиленно работать, начинаются скачки сердечного ритма. Работа сердца то замедляется, то ускоряется. Сердце перестает полностью справляться со своей функцией — перекачкой крови по всему организму. К органам не поступает нужного количества кислорода. Злоупотребление алкоголем способно привести к инсультам, инфарктам, гипертонии, кардиомиопатии.

• Органы пищеварения. Попадая в пищевод, алкоголь вызывает ожог слизистых. При регулярном употреблении, способен привести к раку горла или пищевода. Далее, попадая в желудок, вызывает выработку желудочного сока. Но так как алкоголь переваривать не нужно, то начинается раздражение слизистых желудка, что со временем приводит к язвенной болезни. Далее попадая в кишечник, алкоголь не дает усваиваться витаминам и аминокислотам. Так же есть большой риск раковых заболеваний как желудка, так и кишечника.

• Печень, почки, поджелудочная железа. При попадании алкоголя в организм, печень пытается нейтрализовать его токсическое влияние. Это приводит к нарушениям оттока желчи. Со временем эти процессы приводят к разрушению печени — циррозу. Поджелудочная железа вырабатывает специальные ферменты и отправляет их в тонкий кишечник, для переваривания пищи. При употреблении алкоголя протоки забиваются и ферменты остаются в самой железе, постепенно разрушая ее и вызывая воспалительные процессы. Так развивается панкреатит. Так же, из — за нарушения работы поджелудочной железы может развиться диабет. При попадании спиртного в организм, почки стараются как можно быстрее вывести токсины. Поэтому учащаются позывы в туалет. Постепенно работа почек снижается и они уже не могут полноценно выполнять свои функции. Поэтому и появляется отечность и мешки под глазами. К тому же, из — за плохой работы почек может развиться моче — каменная болезнь.

• Головной мозг. Этот орган является центром управления человеческими функциями. Движение, речь, зрение, способность думать — это все то, за что отвечает мозг. При нарушении кровообращения к мозгу не поступает нужное количество кислорода, клетки мозга начинают погибать. Это приводит к нарушению координации движения, нарушениям речи, слуха и зрения. То самое чувство опьянения — это гибель мозговых клеток. При злоупотреблении алкоголем, постепенно снижаются: память, интеллект, способность мыслить логически. Одно из самых опасных осложнений — алкогольная кома. В конечном итоге наступает полная деградация личности.

Алкоголизм является большой проблемой для современного мира. Даже малые дозы наносят непоправимый вред организму. К тому же, часто начиная с малого, человек сам не замечает как становится алкоголиком.

Источник: medvesti.com
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